In the January of 2017, the Indian Government made its first move to develop its monumental 100 smart cities project by broadcasting the first list of 20. Smart cities offer a superior level of habitability, work atmosphere and cohesiveness to their denizens through superlative city outlining and sufficient conditions for fundamental services and management of resources. Nevertheless, let us see the dominant that confront a smart city:
1. Area plan
Urban planning is the main support of any city development; nonetheless, as mentioned earlier, Smart City planning is not a 1-year operation, rather it is a 20-year plan having great significance attached to it, with respect to the region’s all-inclusive advancement. This is indicative that the city must be envisioned regarding its existence as a member of the region, and the interactions and impact must be carefully studied. The region’s planning must add to the city’s plans to be able to give a consistent experience.
2. Economic conductors
Economic conductors are the base to establish a Smart City. A distinct plan of dynamic economic development of the city depends upon many economic factors and should be the focal point of smart city, specifically if it is a Greenfield city.
3. Degeneration of technology
From India’s point of view, management of infrastructure and capital is envisioning colossal investments in technology. While investment is a small fragment of the all-inclusive infrastructure, all of it is being carried out with a scope of 5-10 years – and technology jumps much quicker than that. For instance, we have rapidly graduated from 2G to 3G and then to 4G, from a wired network to a wire-free network and from cables to optical fibers. The evolution of technology is faster than a city, and therefore, a city should be able to change with the changes in technology as it gets outdated. Technology concordats must be flexible to alterations and upgradation.
4. Urban motive power
A smart city stands on numerous dimensions and a dependable, reasonable and endurable transport system. In addition to public transport systems, progress of grass root connectivity is essential for the best usage of multifarious transportation systems. This is the reason why Smart Cities all over the world visualize urban transport in an exhaustive way to enhance reachability and movement. India’s public transport lacks sufficiency because of the dense population, low-level urban planning and segmentation and also dearth of investment. As new cities keep coming up, focus should be more on the provision of public transport.
5. Water regulation
The Water Cycle (water resource, generation, dispersion, usage, storage and treatment of waste water) is an inherent part of an urban structure. Water and its renewability are highly important in upcoming cities that should endeavor to be water objective or as much constructive as possible.
6. Waste regulation
Continuity in solid waste management needs a new means towards solid waste and transforming to a resource. The need of the times is solid waste management via smart solutions for tidy streets and a healthy atmosphere. India still has a long way to go on this route. Sanitation and hygiene need a basic cultural thought process to thrive. Technology can support this; though, the candid investment in a few of these technologies or the minimum scale investment is too much. Still, it is important that this is well-planned.
7. Social map
To be appealing to stay, a city should have a social infrastructure and a large part of this social map should comprise a practicable ration of population and consumption. It indicates that in the early years, engagement of private enterprises would be limited. This also means that for initiating a new Greenfield city, the sponsoring government should either financially support the projects or should provide a subsidy on them. City planners should do their planning in accordance to the provisions.
A new city takes more time to come up, in terms of both, the necessary drivers of economy and the infrastructure – once this condition is fulfilled, only then it can be populated. Once the city is ready to live in and has a primary population, the project would take a minimum of 7 to 10 years to come up. However, the present level of funds at hand for this sector are limited to a short-term of 10-15 years. Unless funds are not driven to develop the city, that have a 20 to 30 year purview, it is a slim chance that projects might survive. There has to be a complete revamp of the outlook towards funding these cities, or their infrastructure.
9. Employment creators
It is essential that the overall plan is in sync with the regional planning and Government plans on creation of jobs in these cities. A pivotal spotlight on employment generation is not just limited to the creation of primary economic, but also on service jobs. The city has to be powered by people working on the support infrastructure.
10. Rental housing
There is substantial need to build a rental realty market so that more people can shift in and get employed within a smart city and for that they need not have to own properties there. The realty sector laws for a Smart City should facilitate investors to enter and provide residences on rent to people who shift to live there.
Contouring necessitates the building of a Greenfield Smart City in phases, based on the actual demand, and demand should push investments ahead of the basics. If this does not happen, cities will have infrastructure but will be deserted with no one wanting to move in.
It is comparatively easy to construct a Greenfield city; although, it is perpetual upkeep which distinguishes an extraordinary city from the others. Smart cities should not be difficult to maintain and should be looked after to reach out to, transform and adapt to the changing needs of citizens. Smart cities actually have to be smart in a futuristic way and not function on a short-term outlook.